ATHARI ZA MTANDAO KWA VIJANA | Kiseryan Girls Senior Academy
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ATHARI ZA MTANDAO KWA VIJANA

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by Ashly Jechumba 10 months ago 17 comments

Mtandao ni mfumo wa  mawasiliano ya kielektroniki unaopitia katika compyuta na kusambazwa kote ulimwenguni. Hutumiwa kutafiti taarifa, kuwasiliana au kupeana taarifa. Mtandao wa jamii nao ni mtandao unaohusu kila mtu  katika jamii kwa ujumla. Mifano ya mitandao hii ni kama “twitter”,”Facebook”,”Google,”na “Instagram”.Watu wanaodhirika zaidi ni vijana.

Katika karne hii ya ishirini na moja,mtandao umechukua nafasi kubwa katika utafiti wa masomo hasa vyuo vikuu.’Google’ kwa mfano,hutumika katika utafiti wa kozi mbalimbali za kielimu. Wanafunzi wanapokwenda likizoni, wao huweza kusoma kupitia mtandao. Katika nchi yetu  ya Kenya,masomo ya ziada yaani  ‘ tuition’ hayakubaliwi kutokana na sheria zilizotolewa na waziri mkuu wa elimu, Fred Matiang’i. Hivyo basi,mfumo huu unaweza kuwasaidia wanafunzi kutosahau waliyoyasoma shuleni.

Mfumo huu hurahisisha kazi ya walimu. Walimu katika nyanja mbali mbali hurekodi video maalum za masomo yanayohusisha picha na kuziweka kwenye tuvuti mbalimbali. Mafunzo haya huenea kwa haraka na kufikia watu wengi kwa muda mfupi.Masomo kama vile jografia  na vitabu vya kuigizwa hufasiriwa vyema na wasomi kupitia kanda za video. Kando na hayo, wanafunzi huweza kutenga wakati mwafaka  ili waweze kupata fursa ya kusoma katika mazingira yaliyo tulivu bila kusumbuliwa na mtu au kitu chochote.

Biashara inayohusisha nyimbo na vipindi vya kielimu huuzwa kupitia mtandao. Wazazi huweza kuwasaidia watoto wao kwa kuwanunulia kanda zifaazo zenye vipindi hivi vya kielimu, kwani havihusu elimu ya vitabu pekee yake bali elimu ya maisha pia .Elimu hii humwezesha mwanafunzi kukabiliana na changamoto mbalimbali maishani kwa mfano, kukabiliana na shinikizo baina ya mahirimu {peer pressure}.

Maswala ibuka katika Nyanja mbalimbali za kielimu huwasilishwa kupitia mtandao. Mtahiniwa anaweza kutafiti maelezo kuhusu nyanja mbalimbali za kazi ,vyuo vikuu vya aina tofauti vya kimataifa.Utafiti huu humwezesha kujua anakoenda au anakoelekea. Mtahiniwa anapojua kile anachotaka maishani mwake, yeye hujikakamua vilivyo.Mtandao ni kichochezi cha kufanikisha ndoto za wasomi  na walimu mtawalia.

Mbali na hayo,mtandao pia una athari hasi katika jamii na  hasa vijana  kwa ujumla. Moja wapo  ya maelekezo haya ni kuwa machapisho mengi huwa na chuku na porojo zinazopotosha ukweli na hivyo mtumiaji wa mtandao anashauriwa kujitahadhari kabla ya hatari kumpata anapotumia mtandao.Inampasa kufahamu kuwa sio kila maoni yaliomo katika mtandao kuhusu elimu yafaa kutumiwa haswa katika mitihani.

Maoni mengi yanayopatikana katika mtandao huwashawishi watahiniwa kuwa mtu anaweza kufanya mambo muhimu na kufanikiwa katika jamii bila kuwa na elimu. Jambo hili husababisha uzembe,na hata kupanda mbegu ya kasumba kuwa mtu au watu wengi mabwenyenye hawakupita katika paa za darasa lolote….kamwe sio ukweli. Ukweli wa mambo ni kuwa , elimu ndiyo ngao ya maisha. Kwa hivyo,elimu huchukua nafasi kubwa katika maisha ya mwanafunzi na wakenya wapaswa kulifahamu hili kwa ujumla.

Maswala ya elimu katika mtandao hayazingatii maelekezo ya mtaala wa elimu. Hivvo basi humwongoza mwanafunzi katika njia isiyo sawa. Pia mtandao hupunguza uwezo  wa mtu kufikiria na kubuni njia za kutatua matatizo katika jamii.Hili hutokana na hali ya kutegemea mtandao kutatua shida zozote zile hivyo kupunguza njia za kufikiria kiubunifu.

Wazazi wengi wamewapa watoto wao uhuru mwingi bila ya kuchunguza mienendo yao.Jambo hili huwafanya vijana kujiingiza katika makundi tofauti yanayopotosha kimaadili . Makundi haya  hujenga mazingira ya kujiunga na tabia zisizofaa kama uvutaji wa sigara na matumizi ya mihadarati pamoja na kujiingiza katika makundi haramu.

Picha na video za ngono huchafua fikra za vijana. Husababisha uzembe kwani muda mwingi hutumika kuzitazama video hizi.Video hizi hazifichiki wala kudhibitiwa. Mara nyingi mtandao hauzingatii umri wa wapokezi. Pia jambo hili hutokana na uraibu wa kutumia mtandao kwa muda mrefu.

Mwisho, mtandao husababisha kupotoshwa kwa vijana. Hali hii husababishwa na shinikizo baina ya maharimu. Makundi mengine katika mtandao hayaleti faida kwa vijana. Kwani makundi haya hujenga mazingira safi ya kupotosha umma. Makundi haya huweza kumbadilisha mwanafunzi bora kuwa  hafifu na kufuata  falsafa zenye itikadi kali na baadaye kuleta maangamizi makuu.

Mambo haya ndiyo yanayoathiri vijana wa leo. Licha ya haya yote yaliojaa chachu za uharibifu na maangamizi ya kizazi cha karne hii,mtandao huwa na umuhimu wake unaoweza kuijenga jamii upya na kuifanya dunia mahali pema pa maakazi za tulivu. Hivio basi wazazi wana jukumu kubwa la kuchunguza  na kudhibiti kwa kina jinsi watoto wao  wanavyoutumia mtandao hata ikiwa katika kutafiti hoja zinazohusiana na  elimu.Ombi langu kwa jumuia nzima ya watumizi wa mtandao ni  kuwa  kila mnyama hufunzwa kwa mizungu yake,lakini kwa hili tujukumike sote.Tusiwe kama yule mpumbavu alieenda porini na baada ya kumuokota tembo akasahau njia yake. Kwa yote ni wazazi ambao wanajukumu kubwa la kutimiza enzi hii yawazawa wa mtandao.

Imeandikwa na  

ASHLY JECHUMBA F3

Tags: kiswahili,

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